Main article: 4-stroke engine
Diagram showing the operation of a 4-stroke SI engine. Labels:
1 ? Induction
2 ? Compression
3 ? Power
4 ? Exhaust
The top dead center (TDC) of a piston is the position where it is nearest to the valves; bottom dead center (BDC) is the opposite position where it is furthest from them. A stroke is the movement of a piston from TDC to BDC or vice versa together with the associated process. While an engine is in operation the crankshaft rotates continuously at a nearly constant speed. In a 4-stroke ICE each piston experiences 2 strokes per crankshaft revolution in the following order. Starting the description at TDC, these are:78
What to consider when buying car abroad?
Acquisition of foreign used cars from Germany or France is very popular. When buying a car from abroad we have to be careful if the seller does not deceive us, because there is no shortage of vehicles which, for example, have accidents and are sold as accident-free. Then the car can really be in bad shape, although aesthetically looks good and inconvenience are covered. This creates a really big risk and it is worth to choose the service of your friends in this regard. Imports of cars from abroad is often a way to earn a certain amount of money, so a lot of people lead such activities. So let's go to a friend or a person with a command when you plan to buy this car.
Lessons for motorcyclists
At least at the beginning of steering a motorcycle can give lessons to the student serving a practical course driving a lot of problems. Of course, as in the case of practical lessons on learning to drive car, also in this case we are dealing with the introduction of the student in handling motorcycle. More problems may occur already during city driving, at a later stage of practical lessons. This is due to the fact that the instructor and student are in different vehicles, usually a motorcyclist driving instructor in the car. Issuing commands and paying attention to mistakes so it can reach out to the student with some delay and it is the source of many problems.