Plumbing - history
Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.6 Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 B.C.7 The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft.
Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated?or regressed?for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
Boiler repair - call in the specialist
There are repair jobs, that almost anyone can do themself, but broken boiler isn't one of them. Boiling hot water and immense pressure - those are the things that define boiler, and also the things you should be wary of.
Calling in professional plumber isn't any shame in this case, it is necessesity. It is different from a ticking bomb, but close enough, especially if the safety valves are at fault. All in all, you need expert on this - let him do his job, and relax. He is aware of the risks involved and already knows how to avoid any mistakes. All you need to do is coffee and maybe some snacks, while he do his job.
If you are not convinced by this, and ready to repair you boiler alone, all i have to add is this: search the internet for movies of exploding boilers, I dare you.
Garbage in the pipes
Even though we landed on the moon and are able to comunicate freely across the globe in real time, we still are sometimes stumped by mundane things like clogged pipes - what do we do then, in our hi-tech, modern times?
The same thing as always - call in the plumber. There maybe quicker and cheaper solutions, of course - but unless you are sure that drain cleaner isn't going to melt your pipes, or actually just do what it is supposed to, it is better to leave it to professionals.
There are some things, in the pipes, that you don't want to see - trust me on that. Besides, expert plumber can always recommend what to do, to avoid this kind of situation, and which products to use if need be.
Other than that, it usually takes something more sophisticated than a plunger, to get rid of the clog - if you even have that to begin with. So don't fret, or take this as an insult to your aptitude, and contact with plumbing services.